Trail Guide & Map
north central's natural area
You can help preserve the beauty and solitude of the North Central Natural Area for all to enjoy by remembering the following:
- Pets must be leashed, according to Emmet County Ordinance.
- Carry out all that you carry in.
- Use established trails and boardwalks.
- Leave wild plants and animals for others to enjoy.
- Enjoy your visit!
The following activities are not allowed in the North Central Natural Area:
- Building Fires
- Driving Motorized Vehicles
- Consuming Alcoholic Beverages
- No Bikes
For guided tour information, contact North Central at (231) 348-6812.
Areas of Interest
#1 The Cedar-Cherry Opening
In this harsh, exposed habitat, cedars and cherries struggle to reclaim the land. With sunlight abundant, grasses and wildflowers thrive, attracting insects. Many species of birds and small mammals dine on the ample supply of seeds and bugs. Openings like this are important foraging areas for many animal species.
#2 The Bracken Fern Opening
Unlike many of its Northern Michigan relatives, the Backen Fern prefers well-drained, upland soils. In this area, Bracken Ferns are thick and knee-high by mid-summer, providing excellent cover for small animals as they seek food. Bracken Ferns actually inhibit the growth of sun-loving tree seedlings by shading the ground. Openings like this result from a disturbance that removes the canopy of trees, allowing more sunlight to reach the soil.
#3 A Northern White Cedar Swamp
The Cedar Swamp is a place where tangled trees compete for sunlight in a shadowy life-and-death battle for survival. Years ago, a family from Ukraine occupied this 52-acre wetland. This is how it came to be called the "Russian Swamp." Black and smelly, the soil is wet most the year until it freezes during the winter months. The swamp becomes a welcome shelter for wildlife, including bobcat, white-tailed deer, and great- horned owl. Crystal clear springs emerge from the ground, joining to form creeks that wind to the Bear River and empty their cold contents. Some springs remain open all winter, providing a reliable water source. No trails penetrate the swamp's interior; life here remains quiet and mysterious.
#4 A White Pine Plantation
These White Pines were planted many years ago to prevent erosion. At first, they grew quickly, but soon growth slowed as they began to crowd and compete for sunlight and nutrients from the sandy soil. By keeping the coarse soil in place, they have accomplished the purpose for which they were planted.
#5 The Aspen Forest
Most of these trees are part of one big colony connected by a shared underground root system. The trees in the colony are clones: each tree is genetically identical. This site must have been disturbed many years ago by logging, farming, or possibly fire, which created good growing conditions. Aspen seedlings need full sun in order to grow. In time, hardwoods will become more dominant in the stand.
#6 The Sedge Meadow
At first glance, this habitat looks like a grassy field. Only a few steps off the trail, as your feet sink in the black muck, the difference is clear. This is a wetland. Much of what appears to be grass is really sedges. Sedges have triangular stems, unlike the round stems of grasses, and they have excellent abilities to withstand flood and drought conditions. Small mammals remain concealed in the tall vegetation, avoiding predation from above. At dusk, the silhouettes of bats dart across the sky as they feast on the abundant insect supply over the wet meadow.
#7 The Aspen-Hardwood Forest
As the land rises from the sides of the bowl-shaped depression in which the Russian Swamp is embedded, the trees change from the wetland species of cedar and tamarack to upland species, such as the Sugar Maple. Most of the trees here are broadleaf and deciduous, standing naked in the cold of winter, but forming a dense, green canopy from May to September. Here, wildflowers bloom early, while the sunlight still reaches the ground.
Succession is the change in vegetation over time. Ponds are filled with dead plants and become marshes. Plowed fields left unplanted grow weeds and then shrubs. All the habitats in the North Central Natural Area are changing. This once shrubby area was cleared in the summer of 1994. In less than one year, ferns, grasses, and other herbs covered the scars left in the mud by the tires of the large machines used to relocate the powerline.
#9 The Grassy Meadow
Butterflies, bees, and many other insects are attracted to the colors and scents of the wildflowers that decorate this open field. The insects spend many hours gathering nectar and pollen from the blossoms. In return, the insects pollinate the flowers so that seeds can develop. This kind of relationship in which both parties benefit is called mutualism.
#10 The Bear River
Years ago there were so many black bears inhabiting the banks of this river that the natives named it 'Where the Bear Walks." Now black bear are rarely seen here. The black bear meanders slowly along the boundaries of the Natural Area, collecting runoff from the swamp until it empties into Lake Michigan. The water is cold and contains high levels of dissolved oxygen, making the river a high-quality home for aquatic organisms. Gnawed off stumps along the riverbank are evidence of beaver activity. If you watch the bank closely you may see one of their lodges. Several large snapping turtles come ashore each spring to lay their eggs. Wood ducks and other waterfowl are seen swimming in the slow but strong current. Belted kingfishers are frequently observed as they patrol the edges of the river in search of a fish dinner.
#11 The Pine-Maple Woods
Mixed with the hardwoods in this area are a few towering white pine trees, remnants of a stand that was most likely harvested long ago. These trees may have been too small to cut at that time but are now giants of the Natural Area.
#12 The Seibert Farm
A registered Michigan Historical Site, this large opening was created around 1877 when Abraham Seibert purchased 120 acres that are now part of the Natural Area. He moved with his wife and children to the Petoskey area from the Ukraine where his ancestors farmed for Catherine the Great. The Seiberts lived at this site until Abraham's death in 1918. The only remnants of the farm are some rock piles, depressions, lilacs, and a large bed of myrtle. Nature has blanketed the rest.
#13 The Alder Thicket
This impenetrable thicket of speckled alder is truly a sanctuary for wildlife and is another example of a wetland habitat. American woodcock, often observed engrossed in their mating flights behind the science building, use alder thickets as feeding areas. Their rubbery bills easily penetrate the waterlogged soil as they probe for earthworms. Throughout the summer, the Common Yellowthroat can be heard crying "wichity-wichity-wichity" from the tangle of alder branches.
#14 The Cattail Marsh
Hip-deep in places, this particular marsh was excavated over a decade ago by College personnel attempting to create a home for aquatic wildlife. Red-winged blackbirds spend the summer defending their territories among the thick border of cattails. Left to its own devices, this marsh will eventually disappear as the remains of its own plant inhabitants slowly decay and fill the shallow depression. Watch quietly and you may see a swimming muskrat or a basking painted turtle. Listen for the growling call of the northern leopard frog.